Glossary

IoT


The abbreviation stands for Internet-of-Things. It includes numerous technologies that enable physical objects to communicate with the virtual world. For example, a pallet is enabled by a mobile phone sensor to share its location and condition with the platform of the logistics center.




Mobile Device


Mobile devices are mobile devices such as smartphones or MDEs. At the logistics center, they are used to track marked load carriers and to document the exchange. Smartphones with iOS or Android as well as Android-based MDEs can be used for this purpose.




ERP system


The abbreviation stands for Enterprise Resource Planning System and refers to the central IT system in an industrial company. It consists of modules for the most important core tasks of the company, such as personnel, sales and production planning.




TMS


The abbreviation TMS stands for Transport Management System and refers to an IT system for supporting various tasks in the provision of transport services. TMS are used in particular by freight forwarders and logistics service providers.




WMS


The abbreviation WMS stands for Warehouse Management System, i.e. an IT system for warehouse management. This in turn consists of various sub-functions such as picking, master data management and inventory management.




Clearing and exchange reconciliation


This is the reconciliation process of the exchange accounts between two companies. As a rule, one company sends the other an account statement as a PDF or Excel document. The other company checks it and reports back its corrections.




MDE


MDE stands for mobile data acquisition and refers to the devices used for this purpose. See also "Mobile Device".




LPWAN


The abbreviation LPWAN stands for Low Power Wide Area Network, i.e. radio networks with a long range and low energy consumption. These are therefore special mobile radio networks. The best-known LPWAN technologies are LoRaWAN, Sigfox, LTE-M and NB-IoT. The logistics building can connect and manage trackers and sensors of all these technologies via interfaces.




MS Azure


Azure is the cloud service from Microsoft. With Azure, computing and storage capacities can be rented, and the location of the servers can also be selected. The platform of Logistikbude runs in the Azure environment and is operated exclusively on servers in Germany.




Pallet exchange


In a typical transportation process, a company loads a pallet with goods. When a forwarder picks up the pallet, the first exchange takes place. The forwarder takes the pallet with goods and returns an empty pallet to the company. When the goods are delivered, the forwarder again takes an empty pallet from the recipient of the goods. However, since there are not always enough empty pallets available and there are also different opinions on qualities, the exchange often leads to discussions and time-consuming downstream processes.




Euro pallet


The Euro pallet or Euro pool pallet is one of the most important load carriers in the world with several hundred million units. It is described in the EN 13698-1 standard and has the basic dimensions of 800 to 1,200 mm with a height of 144 mm and a weight of approx. 20 to 25 kg depending on the humidity. It is produced by numerous companies in Europe and Asia and is quality assured by EPAL or UIC. The Euro pallet is an open pool, i.e. it is exchanged between companies and the companies must organize this exchange and its framework conditions themselves.




API


API stands for Application Programming Interface, i.e. a technical interface. This allows data to be automatically transferred to and retrieved from another system. Logistikbude has detailed interface documentation with which the platform can be connected to the company's own systems.




Tracking and Tracing


Tracking and tracing" refers to the tracking of objects along various events (see "Event"). In addition to the current position and the current state, this also includes the history of an object (see "Load carrier file").




Load carrier management


Every company with returnable load carriers has some form of load carrier management. This involves recording which load carriers enter and leave the company, when and by whom. However, depending on the quality of the load carrier management, significant inaccuracies can exist, resulting in costs due to shrinkage and costly reconciliation. Logistikbude thinks of load carrier management holistically and combines the tracking of its own load carriers by means of labeling and sensor technology with the management of unmarked load carriers from open pools.




Real time


Real-time is often mistakenly equated with "at this moment". In fact, real-time means that data processing is guaranteed to take place within a certain time interval. A more detailed definition can be found in DIN ISO/IEC 2382.




Serialization


Serialization is the unique identification of objects with a serial number. This serial number can be stored in various technologies such as 1D and 2D barcodes, plain text or RFID.




Load carrier file


At Logistikbude, every load carrier with a serial number has a digital file. This is securely stored in the database and visualized on the website. It contains, among other things, the age, number of rounds, linked goods and distance traveled by the respective load carrier. The data in the file comes from the companion app, IoT sensors and via interface from the companies' systems.




Event


Event is the English term for occurrence. In the context of the logistics center, it refers to the moment of detection of a load carrier and the associated data, such as serial number, time, location, and condition. Events can be generated by the companion app or an IoT sensor, for example. The website then visualizes this data and combines it into key figures.




KLT


KLT stands for small load carrier in German. These are reusable containers that are often transported in multiples on another load carrier such as a pallet. Like large load carriers (GLT), KLTs are used primarily in the automotive industry.




GLT


The abbreviation GLT stands for large load carrier in German. In contrast to KLTs (small load carriers), these are large transport containers that are usually moved with a forklift truck. Like KLTs, they are used primarily in the automotive industry.




Circulation


In relation to load carriers, the term "circulation" refers to the period of time required for a load carrier to arrive back at the company. In addition, the number of rotations is an important key figure for assessing the quality of a load carrier and the processes of load carrier management.




Single- / Batch- / Bulk-Scan


We distinguish between these three ways of capturing 1D or 2D barcodes with a camera. In the case of a single scan, one barcode is read out, as is also known today from laser scanners. In batch scanning, on the other hand, several codes are captured in a single step by moving the camera. In the case of a bulk scan, it is even sufficient to take a photo containing several codes, which are then captured simultaneously by AI algorithms.




Closed pool


In contrast to open pools such as the Euro pallet, in closed pools the load carriers are managed by a central company. This company organizes the delivery and collection of the load carriers as well as their cleaning and preparation. Well-known operators of closed pools are, for example, the companies CHEP, IFCO, Euro Pool System and LPR.




CSV-file


CSV stands for Comma-separated values and is a widely used data format that can also be opened with Excel. It is used to store simple data in a file and therefore often functions for exchange between two systems.